On November 1 today, several Indian states- Kerala, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Karnataka were formed. The day is thus recognised as Statehood Day of State Formation Day.
Chhattisgarh State Formation Day
• The state celebrates its formation day as ‘Chhattisgarh Rajyotsava.’
• Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh and was declared an independent state by the government in 2000.
• The state which shares a border with the national capital was constituted in 1966.
• It was a result of the division of the former state of Punjab into two separate states—Punjabi-speaking Punjab and Hindi-speaking Haryana.
• On November 1 in 1956, the government merged all the Kannada language-speaking regions of south and western India to form the present state of Karnataka.
• It was initially called Mysore but was renamed ‘Karnataka’ in 1973.
• Kerala celebrates its founding day as Kerala Piravi Day. It was formed on November 1, 1956, long after the Independence of the country.
• Before this, Kerala was part of three major provinces and several outlying regions under various rulers.
• Situated in the heart of the country, Madhya Pradesh was formed in 1956. Before this, Bhopal, presently the capital of MP, was a separate state.
• It evolved out of the princely state of Bhopal. Later, the government merged Bhopal with the neighbouring states and formed the state, now known as Madhya Pradesh.
• In 1956, Punjab was integrated with the state of East Punjab to create a new, enlarged Indian state called simply “Punjab”.
• However, after carving out Haryana state on a linguistic basis, Punjabi speaking population formed the state under Punjab Reorganisation Act (1966).
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