Real Estate Purchase Agreements

Purchase Agreements


Real estate contracts are legally binding agreements in property transactions. These legal documents outline the terms, conditions, and obligations of the transacting parties.

A standard real estate agreement must address important details of the sale property. If you’re looking to buy or sell a property, make sure to first consult a top North Bay real estate lawyer for expert guidance.

Key Elements of Real Estate Contracts?

Below are the key elements of real estate purchase agreements:

Identification of Parties

The agreement should identify the transacting parties by their legal names and addresses. This makes the contract legally binding on the named parties.

Property Description

Purchase agreements should include an accurate and detailed description of the property, such as:

  • Address
  • The legal description, and
  • Any included fixtures or appliances.

Property descriptions help prevent disputes about the property on sale.

Purchase Price

The agreed-upon purchase price for the property must be specified. The purchase price is the fundamental financial aspect of the transaction and forms the basis for other financial terms.

Payment Terms

Purchase agreements should clearly define the payment terms, such as down payment, financing terms, and the payment timeline. Clarifying payment terms helps avoid potential misunderstandings.


Common contingencies include financing, appraisal, and inspection. These clauses specify conditions that must be met for the contract to proceed. The objective is to protect both parties’ interests.

Closing Date

A purchase agreement must state the date when the property’s ownership will change hands (from the seller to the buyer). The closing date sets a clear timeline for the transaction’s completion.

Title and Ownership

The seller must guarantee clear title to the property, free from any liens or encumbrances. This clause ensures buyers receive a property with clean legal ownership.

Condition of the Property

Information about the property’s condition at the time of sale, including any required repairs or maintenance, should be detailed in the contract. This prevents post-sale disputes regarding the property’s condition.

Default and Remedies

A property sale contract should outline the remedies for a breach, such as penalties or forfeiture. In other words, this section defines the applicable dispute resolution strategy in the event of a breach.

Closing Costs

The allocation of closing costs, such as taxes, insurance, and attorney fees, should be specified in the contract. By doing so, both parties are aware of their financial responsibilities at closing.

Best Practices For Drafting Property Purchase Agreements

Drafting a solid property purchase agreement is crucial for a smooth and legally sound property transaction. Here are ten best practices to ensure you get it right:

Clarity and Specificity

Ensure the agreement is crystal clear and specific about all terms and conditions. Define the property, its boundaries, and any included fixtures or appliances.

Financing Details

Clearly outline the financial terms, including the purchase price, down payment, and any contingencies related to financing or loan approval.


Include relevant contingencies, such as property inspections, appraisals, and title searches. This protects both parties and provides opportunities for renegotiation or withdrawal.


Specify critical dates like the closing date, deadlines for inspections, and when deposits are due. A well-defined timeline helps prevent misunderstandings.

Earnest Money

Clearly state the amount of earnest money and the conditions under which it may be forfeited or refunded.

Seller Disclosures

Ensure the seller discloses all known material defects or issues with the property. Failure to disclose can lead to legal complications.

Property Rights

Define property rights and restrictions, including easements, encumbrances, and zoning regulations.

Legal Review

Encourage both parties to have the contract reviewed by legal counsel before signing. This safeguards their interests and ensures compliance with local laws.

Default Provisions

Include clauses outlining what happens in case of default by either party. This can address remedies, such as termination of the agreement or litigation.

Signatures and Witnesses

Ensure the agreement is signed by all parties involved and properly witnessed. Signatures validate the contract’s legality.

Resolving Property Sale Disputes

Here are five effective ways to address property sale disputes:


A neutral third party can help facilitate a resolution through mediation. Mediation encourages open communication and negotiation to reach a mutually agreeable solution.


Arbitration involves a third-party arbitrator who reviews the case and makes a binding decision. This ADR strategy is typically faster and less formal than going to court.


In the event of a dispute, the transacting parties can engage in direct negotiations to resolve issues.

Legal Action

As a last resort, litigation can be pursued through the court system. Legal action can be time-consuming and expensive, so it’s wise to first explore alternative options.

Consulting Experts

Disputes involving technical aspects like property inspections or appraisals should be handled by experts in such areas.

Property purchase and sale can involve numerous legal issues. So, always involve a real estate lawyer to improve the chance of achieving the desired results.

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